Common Faults in the Ford Focus Instrument Cluster: How to Identify a Faulty Cluster and Affordable Solutions

Common Faults in the Ford Focus Instrument Cluster: How to Identify a Faulty Cluster and Affordable Solutions

Your Ford Focus may occasionally present problems with instrument cluster issues, leading to potential non starting of the vehicle or other complications. While this might seem unusual, the intricacies of modern car electronics can magnify the impact of even a single failing component, causing disturbances throughout your vehicle. In this comprehensive guide, we'll dive deep into Ford Focus instrument cluster faults, highlighting telltale symptoms that serve as early warnings. Additionally, we will introduce an innovative solution that diverges from the conventional path of part replacement.

Understanding the Problem

Imagine inserting the key and turning it, anticipating the start of your journey, only to be met with unsettling silence. This frustrating scenario often traces back to the instrument cluster, a critical element in your car's immobilizer and communication system. Surprisingly, this issue is more common than one might think. The intricate network of electronics powering your vehicle relies on seamless communication; any disruption, however brief, can lead to significant consequences. During the initial stages of instrument cluster failure, you might notice that while driving, all warning lights momentarily illuminate and gauges drop to zero before swiftly returning to normal.


  1. Intermittent/Non-Start: At times, your car might refuse to start, accompanied by a constantly flashing red immobilizer light (PATS system). A gentle tap on the dashboard might temporarily restore functionality, but this issue can escalate to a permanent fault.

  2. Erratic Gauges: Gauges may suddenly drop to zero, often accompanied by the illumination of all warning lights.

  3. Engine Malfunction Warnings: The instrument cluster might display "Engine Malfunction" messages on the LCD.

  4. Warning Lights: Unexpectedly, your dashboard could be illuminated with various warning lights such as ABS, airbag, and check engine lights, creating a visually alarming effect.

Fault Codes:

  • U0140 - Lost Communication with Body Control
  • U1900 - CAN BUS Fault
  • U2012 - CAN Communication Error
  • P1260 - Theft Detected Vehicle Immobilized
  • U1900 - CAN Communication BUS Fault - Receive Error
  • U2510 - CAN Invalid Data for Vehicle Security
  • U2197 - Invalid Vehicle Speed Data
  • U2200 - Invalid ODO Count Data
  • U0155 - Engine ECU Lost Communication with Instrument Cluster
  • U2511 - Receive Data Does Not Match Expected

Typically, during the early stages of cluster failure, you might experience one of these symptoms briefly. This serves as an indication that your cluster is beginning to fail. If left unaddressed, this could progress to a point where your vehicle refuses to start. If you are encountering these symptoms or have relevant fault codes, it's likely that your instrument cluster requires repair.


Complete Vehicle Non-Start

If your vehicle isn't starting at all and the immobilizer light is flashing, a simple check is recommended. This self-diagnostic check can be conducted without diagnostic tools to identify potential faults in the Passive Anti-Theft System (PATS).


Understanding PATS

The Passive Anti-Theft System (PATS) is an engine immobilization system designed to prevent unauthorized engine start. PATS reads a coded key's information when the ignition key is turned, allowing the engine to start only with a valid key.


How to Diagnose a PATS Fault

The PATS system has its own self-diagnosis test procedure that will flash a code when a fault is detected. When inserting the key into the ignition and turning it to position 1, typically when the key is read to ensure the correct key is used to start the vehicle, any problem during this check will cause the immobilizer light to continue flashing, preventing the vehicle from starting.

After approximately 1 minute of the immobilizer light flashing, it will then initiate a flashing sequence that corresponds to a PATS fault code, indicating where the failure in the PATS system originated.

Here's the step-by-step breakdown of the process:

  1. Insert the key into the ignition.
  2. Turn the key to position 1.
  3. After approximately 1 minute, the immobilizer light will briefly stop flashing.
  4. The immobilizer light will then flash slowly a certain number of times, indicating the first digit of the code. For example, if you see 2 flashes, the code starts with the number 2.
  5. After the first code digit has flashed, a short pause of 1 to 2 seconds will follow.
  6. After the short pause, the immobilizer light will then flash the 2nd digit of the code, in a similar manner to the first digit.
  7. Following the 2nd digit flash, there will be a longer pause of 2 to 3 seconds.
  8. After the extended pause, the code sequence will repeat up to 10 times.

For example: 

Light On

Light Off


The example provided above illustrates how the code will appear. In this instance, the code shown is 21, with a short pause after the first two flashes between the first and second digit, and a longer pause after the single flash of the second digit before the sequence repeats again.

Below is a comprehensive list of the codes and their meanings, pinpointing where the failure occurred within the system. The most common code, often associated with a faulty instrument cluster, is code 16. If you encounter this code, it is likely that your instrument cluster has malfunctioned and requires remanufacturing.

11 - Transceiver not connected
12 - Transceiver issue
13 - No key data received
14 - Part of the transponder code received
15 - Incorrect transponder key
16 - CAN bus communication error
21 - Insufficient minimum keys required
22 - Initialization / Configuration missing
23 - PCM & PATS modules disagreement

Issues Not Related to PATS:

  • Engine stalls while driving: Once the engine runs for one second, PATS CANNOT disable the engine. Running stalls are unrelated to PATS.
  • Remote Entry/Keyless Entry problems: PATS is completely separate from the Remote Entry/Keyless Entry systems.
  • Alarm activation: PATS is distinct from the alarm system.


The Solution: Remanufacturing and Repair by Remanx

While the natural instinct might be to replace the faulty instrument cluster, this approach carries a substantial price tag and often requires additional programming. Allow us to introduce Remanx – a cost-effective alternative that restores full functionality to your Ford Focus instrument cluster. Rather than a mere replacement, Remanx specializes in remanufacturing, reviving your instrument cluster by getting into the root causes of faults and performing a complete rebuild. This provides a reliable and economical solution that challenges traditional norms.

The Remanx Process

  1. Thorough Diagnostics: Remanx employs a rigorous testing and diagnostic process to identify any faults within the instrument cluster.

  2. Specialist Repair: Our expert technicians skillfully undertake intricate repairs, addressing all issues with unwavering precision.

  3. Comprehensive Testing: Following repair, each unit undergoes exhaustive testing to ensure seamless operation of every feature.

  4. Needle Calibration: Through Remanx's innovative process, needles are recalibrated to their precise positions, restoring accuracy.

  5. Reliable Lifetime Warranty: At Remanx, we stand behind our work by offering an unlimited-mile Lifetime Warranty on our remanufactured instrument clusters.



Intermittent non-start problems and erratic instrument cluster behavior in Ford Focus vehicles are common issues. Instead of resorting to costly part replacements, consider the forward-thinking remanufacturing and repair service provided by Remanx. With meticulous diagnostics, expert repairs, and a commitment to sustainable solutions, Remanx revitalizes your instrument cluster, allowing you to remain on the road without draining your finances.

Get yours repaired today: Remanx Instrument Cluster Repair Service

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insterment cluster not working everything else works fine

john carlson

EN57 ULG Ford Focus petrol manual

Engine Malfuntion Sign display on instrument cluster with a sound. Reset system vehicle starts.
Codes are U1900 & U0001.
What items should i send to you and how much would they cost?
Mobile: 078 2809 7791
Thank you

Faisal Bashir

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